Whiplash, Chiropractic, Ligament Injury

Ligaments are fibrous bands of tissue that hold the bones of your body together. The ligaments of the spine are there to keep the bones of spine in alignment. (Click here to view Spinal Ligament Anatomy)

During an auto collision, the head moves very rapidly in relation to the torso, and this rapid motion results in shear forces occuring between the joints of the spine. The animation on the right shows the motion that the vertebrae experience, and how the ligaments can be stretched or torn.

The scientific literature has shown over and over that whiplash can result in ligament injury. We’ve provided more information about this issue here. Just click on the article title to read more about these injuries.

Articles on Ligament Injury

Proof of Ligament Injury After Whiplash

Ligament Damage After Whiplash – The Anterior Longitudinal Ligament

Turned Head Increases Risk of Whiplash Injury

Neck Ligaments Are Weakened After Auto Collisions

Jaw Pain

Pain in the jaw area is often caused by a dislocation of the joint, known as TMJ. The pain can be caused by an injury, like an auto accident, or by long-term degeneration. Learn more about how a chiropractor can help relieve jaw pain.

Whiplash Symptoms – TMJ or Jaw Pain


Read the latest news about chiropractic care and neck pain:

Backpacks – Children and Back Pain

Backpacks can result in back painPublic health experts have recognized for many years that excessively heavy backpacks can cause back and neck pain in children.  Three new studies have recently been published on this issue, and they shed some light on prevention of back pain in children.

Physical and Psychological Factors in Children with Back Pain

This British study1 was designed to examine ergonomic and other factors that might account for back and neck pain in schoolchildren.

The authors gave questionnaires to 697 children aged 11-14. Of these students, 27% reported having neck pain, 18% reported having upper back pain, and 22% reported having low back pain.

After analysis of the collected data, the authors found the following:

  • Neck pain was linked to school furniture, emotional and conduct problems, family history of low back pain and previous treatment for musculoskeletal disorders.
  • Upper back pain was associated with backpack weight, school furniture, emotional problems, and previous treatment of musculoskeletal pain.
  • Low back pain complaints were associated with school furniture, emotional issues, and “family history and previous injury or accident.”

Effects of Backpack Weight on Posture

This Italian study2 looked at 43 students with an average age of 12.5 years. The authors tested each of the children with an 8-kg and 12-kg backpack, and they had the children wear them over one shoulder and two shoulders. Posture was evaluated on the children while they did a 7-minute treadmill walk.

The authors found that the posture of the children was substantially altered under load. Not surprisingly, asymmetrical loading (carrying the backpack on one shoulder rather than both), resulted in the most complex postural changes.

“Our results suggest that a 12 kg load, fairly common in this population (carried at least once a week), seems to push the postural system to its physiological limits.” 2

They found that the postural changes were corrected once the load was removed, but the long-term consequences of these excessive weights are unknown.

Limit Backpack Weight to 10% of Child’s Body Weight

In the third report,3 the researchers interviewed 531 children from 5th to 12th grade and weighed the backpack of each student. The found that:

  • “Younger students and females are more at risk due to relatively lower body weight…”
  • Female students carried heavier backpacks than did male students.
  • “Greater relative backpack weight is associated with upper– and mid–back pain reports but not neck or lower back pain; it is also associated with lost school time, lost school sports time, and greater chiropractic utilization.”

The authors of this study recommend that backpacks weigh no more than 10% of the child’s body weight, which is lower than the current recommendation of 15%. Previous studies have found that students often carry between 17-22% of their body weight. 2

From these studies, it’s clear that a significant number of children suffer from neck and back pain. Because a substantial portion of these complaints may originate in backpack usage, it is critical when dealing with children with neck and back pain to ask about backpack usage. Musculoskeletal pain in children is especially a concern since it has been associated with pain in adulthood.

  1. Murphy S, Buckle P, Stubbs D. A cross-sectional study of self-reported back and neck pain among English schoolchildren and associated physical and psychological risk factors. Applied Ergonomics 2007;38(6):797-804.
  2. Negrini S, Negrini A. Postural effects of symmetrical and asymmetrical loads on the spines of schoolchildren. Scoliosis 2007;2(1):8.
  3. Moore MJ, White GL, Moore DL. Association of Relative Backpack Weight With Reported Pain, Pain Sites, Medical Utilization, and Lost School Time in Children and Adolescents. Journal of School Health 2007;77(5):232-239.

Chiropractic Care for Seniors

Chiropractic care can manage many of the aches and pains associated with aging without resorting to expensive prescription drugs or surgery.Watch the video below, or browse our articles to learn more about chiropractic treatment solutions for seniors.



Chiropractic Care for Seniors

Complementary Therapies for Arthritis Pain

Chiropractic – Osteoarthritis, Arthritis

Stages of Spinal Degeneration: What You Need to Know

Chiropractic, Neck Pain, Back Pain

This RAND review of the literature analyzed 1,457 studies related to manipulation of the cervical spine. Only sixty-seven of these were used in the final analysis, as they were the only ones that specifically addressed the effectiveness of treatment.

“Analysis of the existing data has led the authors to conclude that 1) mobilization is probably of at least short-term benefit for patients with acute neck pain; 2) manipulation is probably slightly more effective than mobilization or physical therapy for some patients with subacute or chronic neck pain (and all three treatments are probably superior to usual medical care); and 3) manipulation and/or mobilization may be beneficial for muscle tension headache.”

In terms of adverse complications as a result of chiropractic manipulation, the authors state, “The complication rate for cervical spine manipulation is estimated to be between 5 and 10 per 10 million manipulations.” [This is a rate between 0.0000005 and 0.000001.]

Hurwitz EL, Aker PD, Adams AH, et al. Manipulation and mobilization of the cervical spine: a systematic review of the literature. Spine 1996;21(15):1746-1760.


Pain in the legs and lower back may be caused by compression of the sciatic nerve. Learn more about how chiropractic and massage therapy can help relieve the pain of sciatica.

Articles on Sciatica Treatment

Chiropractic Speeds Sciatica Recovery

Spinal Manipulation as Effective as Surgery for Majority of Sciatica Patients

Drugs Ineffective for Sciatica Relief

Drug-free Sciatica Treatment

Acupuncture Better than Drug for Sciatica

Exercise Could Help Sciatica Patients Avoid Surgery

Physiotherapy Eases Sciatica

Chiropractice Effective for Work-Related Sciatica

Sciatica Pain Relief: No drugs, No surgery!

About Sciatica, Spinal Degeneration, and Radiating Pain

Spinal Degeneration

Herniated Discs

What Causes Radicular Pain after an Auto Collision?

Feelings About Work and The Outcome of Lumbar Discectomy

The Effects of Sciatica on Your Muscles

Inheriting the Risk of Sciatic Pain

Is Sciatica Worse for Women?

Smoking Linked to Sciatica and Chronic Pain

MRI Unreliable For Diagnosing Sciatica

Analgesic-Rebound Headache: Overdiagnosed?

In a recent editorial, Dr Robert S. Kunkel raises serious questions about analgesic-rebound headache, and meets the issues with skeptical pragmatism:

“I certainly agree that analgesic-rebound headache due to combination-type analgesics and ergotamine tartate is a very significant problem that I see daily in my headache clinic. However, I am not convinced that the frequent use of small amounts of pain aspirin, acetaminophen, or an NSAID is very often a significant factor in the etiology of transforming an episodic headache into a chronic daily headache…”

“I feel we are mislabeling a lot of patients with chronic headache as analgesic-rebound headache simply because they take aspirin or ibuprofen once or twice a day. Hopefully, this condition will be better defined in the future as we learn more about the cause of pain in the head.”

Kunkel RS. Analgesic-rebound headache: headache of the nineties. Headache Quarterly 1998;9:231-232.

Wrist Pain and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a common and painful disorder that affects around 3 percent of women and 2 percent of men. It can cost those affected by it as much as $30,000 over their lifetime. Chiropractic care is a noninvasive, drug-free way to treat carpal tunnel syndrome. Watch our videos in the playlist below, or browse our articles to learn more about Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.


Carpal Tunnel and Wrist Pain Treatments


CTS as a Herald of Connective Tissue Disorders

Pain from Texting

Overlooked Physical Diagnoses in Chronic Pain Patients

What is a Trigger Point?

Headache Type and Neck Mobility

Cervicogenic headache has been receiving considerable attention in the literature the last few years. A new study from Norway provides some new information that can aid clinicians in diagnosing cervicogenic headache and differentiating it from other types of headache. The study compared 90 headache patients to 51 control subjects in regard to neck range of motion. The headache patients were further divided into three groups by headache type: migraine (28), tension-type (34), and cervicogenic (28). Each test subject was given a thorough range of motion examination. When the controls, migraine patients, and the tension-type patients were compared, the author found no significant difference in ROM between any of the groups; the cervicogenic patients, however, showed significantly lower ROM in flexion/extension and rotation. There was no difference in lateral flexion. On average, the cervicogenic headache patients showed an approximately 13% reduction in rotation and a 17% reduction in flexion/extension. “The present findings indicate that there are pathophysiological differences between [cervicogenic headache], [tension headache], and [migraine]. The study concludes by stating that a careful examination of ROM is critical in confirming a diagnosis of cervicogenic headache. Zwart JA. Neck mobility in different headache disorders. Headache 1997;37:6-11.